Hard disk failure happens for several reasons – a power failure, virus infection, a bad installation, and many other things that can lead to strange behaviours.
In this post we will show you how you can diagnose and solve your hard disk problems with the default tools in Windows 7.
Using Windows 7 Error Checking Tools
Sometimes when we found a problem, we tend to install third party applications and forget about the basic tools that come bundled with Windows. Unknown to many, many complex issues can be easily fixed using programs that are part of Windows operating system since its first release. A simple interface doesn’t mean it is a useless utilty.
First, double click “My Computer”.
Now select the drive you want to inspect and right click:
Go to tools tab, and click “Check now…”:
Now, check that you select automatically fix and scan for bad sectors:
If Windows cannot perform the checking because the disk is in use, it will ask to schedule the next time you start your computer.
After "Schedule disk check" please reboot your computer.
Here's also another video showing the similar steps but using the command line tool to carry out the exact repair.
There are also more information related to how a hard disk could get file curruption and how to deal with it.